MLA 8 Citation REQUIRED Elements
MLA 8 requires 9 elements, if one of the elements does not exist omit it. Here are the 9 elements:
- Title of Source
- Other Contributors
- Version (volume )
- Number (volume number)
- Publication Date
- Optional Elements (Web address if requested. Do NOT include https://)
CHECKLIST for completing your MLA 8 formatted papers or essays
- Have you given credit to other sources when you’ve quoted and/or paraphrased throughout your paper?
- Are the in-text citations properly constructed according to MLA style?
- Does every in-text citation have a complete, matching citation in your Works Cited List?
Works Cited List
- Does it say Works Cited at the top of your page, centered, and without bolding or underlining?
- Is the Works Cited page double spaced?
- Are the citations in alphabetical order by the first word/name of each citation?
- Are the citations properly constructed according to MLA style?
- Is the second line of any citations longer than one line indented half an inch? This is called a “hanging indent” in your paragraph settings.
- Does each citation in the Works Cited list have a matching in-text citation in your assignment?
Overall Paper Presentation
- Did you cite the appropriate number of sources according to your assignment instructions?
- Is your paper double spaced?
- Unless specified otherwise by your instructor, is your paper in Times New Roman size 12 font?
- Did you create a header at the top right of each page with your last name and page number?
MLA 8 Examples and Templates
MLA 8 Examples
Google Docs Templates
Microsoft Word Templates
MLA 8 In-Text Citation WITH Works Cited Examples
You may cite a single author’s name in the text.
Alexander notes that race was a critical topic in the 1968 presidential race (22-9).
Or, you can use a parenthetical reference with the author’s name and page number.
Race was a critical topic in the 1968 presidential race (Alexander 22-9).
Use ‘and’ (not ‘&’) between the two author names.
(Wilson and Schlosser 43).
Three or more authors
If the work has three or more authors, list the first author’s name followed by et al.
James et al. claim that social customs prevalent in the southern United States have . . . (157-65).
Social customs in the southern United States have become . . . (James et al. 157-65).
Multiple works by the same author
In the in-text citation, put a comma after the author’s name, then a shortened version of the title, followed by the page reference.
(Dickens, David Copperfield 347)
Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. Bradbury & Evans, 1850.
Multiple works by different authors in one citation
Include the authors names and page references separated by a semicolon.
(Smith 93; Fayett 131-2)
Authors with same surname
If the works cited list contains two or more authors with the same surname, include the author’s first initial in the in-text citation.
(E. Poe 19)
Organizations as authors
When the author is a corporation or organization that is also the publisher, the Works Cited entry begins with the title. Use an abbreviated version of the title in the in-text citation followed by the page number.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed., American Psychological Association, 2009.
If the author is a government or government body, include the administrative layers listed in the Works Cited entry separated by commas. Use abbreviations for common words like Department (as “Dept.”).
(United States, Congress, House, Committee on the Judiciary 17).
United States, Congress House, Committee of the Judiciary. Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, December 1, 2015. Government Printing Office, 2015.
If the Works Cited entry begins with a title because there is no author, use a shortened version of the title in the in-text citation.
Beowulf. Translated by Burton Raffel, Signet, 2008.
If your works cited entry indicates only one volume of a multivolume work, include the page reference in the text of your document. The volume is specified in the works cited entry.
Norat, Gisela. “Isabel Allende: Chilean and American Novelist.” Notable Latino Writers, vol. 1, Salem Press, 2006, pp. 27-34.
If your works cited entry indicates more than one volume of a multivolume set, you will need to include both the volume and page of the information you are citing to distinguish which volume is being referenced.
(Notable, 1: 27).
Notable Latino Writers, Salem Press, 2006, 3 vols.
If you are citing an entire volume in the text of the document, place a comma after the author’s name (in the example below there are multiple authors in each volume and no general editor, so the abbreviated title is used) and the abbreviation [vol.]
(Notable, vol. 3).
Notable Latino Writers, Salem Press, 2006, 3 vols.
If you are referring to an entire work, you may identify the work in your text using the author or title name from your works cited list, rather than a parenthetical citation.
To Kill a Mockingbird was originally published over fifty years ago and yet is read by many students today.
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. HarperCollins Publishers, 1960.
LONG – Video on MLA 8 Citation